- Main elements of compromise deal
- Loss and Damage Mechanism Set Up
- First quarter of 2015 for ‘All’ Parties to Volunteer Emissions Reduction Targets
- A Warsaw Framework for REDD+
It might have taken an extra day, but it now seems it was worth it – to strike a compromise agreement that has largely steadied the international negotaition process towards a universal and legally binding climate agreement in Paris in 2015.
By late Friday, November 22 when the United Nations Climate talks were officially suppose to close in the Polish capital, Warsaw, differences between Parties looked irreconcilable. But thanks to the determination of all – consensus was reached on on some of the most divisive, polarizing and controversial issues such as emissions reduction targets, loss and damage, and long term climate finance.
Ahead of Paris 2015:
- Parties should volunteer emissions reduction targets well in advance of a Paris conference in 2015 where a legally binding climate deal must be signed.
- Parties ready to do so must announce their contributions not commitments by the first quarter of 2015.
- By the time parties meet for COP20 in Lima, Peru next year, a draft negotiating text must be ready for consideration.
- Countries were urged to do what they can to significantly reduce emissions in the run-up to 2020 when the new pact must enter into force.
- Nations pledged $280 million to fund low income country projects in emissions from deforestation and forest degradation – a UN program known as REDD+.
- $100 million was pledged for the Adaptation Fund, a UN fund that helps poor countries deal with the effects of climate change.
- Developed Countries were urged to deliver increasing levels of public finance for climate aid to low-income countries and quickly capitalize the Green Climate Fund
- A "Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage was set up to assist vulnerable countries deal with future harm from climate damages.
- These damages include sudden extreme weather events like storms, but also slow-onset events like land-encroaching sea level rise or desertification.
- The structure, mandate and effectiveness of the mechanism must be reviewed by 2016
This is with respect to the key conclusions of the Warsaw climate talks.
Now with respect to what concerns us climate evaluators directly.
Our knowledge base grew significantly during COP19 thanks especially to key international players who worked so hard to put together the reports and studies.
Climate-Eval Selection for CC and NRM Evaluators
- Building Resilience: Integrating Climate and Disaster Risk into Development
- Joint Report on Multilateral Development Banks Climate Finance 2012
- Splitting the difference in global climate finance: are fragmentation and legitimacy mutually exclusive?
- Acting on Climate Finance Pledges: Inter-Agency Dynamics and Relationships with Aid in Contributor States
- Adaptation to Climate Change for Peace and Stability
- Standardized Baseline Assessment for Rural Off-Grid-Electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Time to change the game: fossil fuel subsidies and climate – an ODI report
- IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
- How Climate-Smart Agriculture is Improving the lives of Millions
- Adaptation Fund: Financing climate adaptation - innovation, from direct access to project implementation
- Mobilizing International Climate Finance: lessons from the Fast-Start Finance Period
- Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development planning: A Guide for Practitioners
- Establishing and Understanding Post-2020 Climate Change Mitigation Commitments
- REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Manual
- Climate-Eval Coverage of COP17 in Durban